A Beginner’s Guide to Basic American Football

American football is arguably the most popular sport in the United States, with millions of Americans converging to watch the NFL Super Bowl every year. Apart from the huge fan base in his home country, he also has millions of fans worldwide.

Despite its global appeal, many people still find American football quite confusing. This may be because the game is very different from other popular sports such as football, basketball, and hockey. This is especially the case for international fans and beginners, as they might find the rules of the game quite complex.

Due to its popularity, the NFL, the professional league, is one of the most contested leagues, with passionate pundits placing millions of dollars in bets taking advantage of promotions like the Daily casino welcome bonus. If you are one of those who find American football confusing, this article is for you. Here’s a breakdown of NFL games.

1. The object of the game

In American football, the goal is to score points by getting the ball into the opposing team’s end zone. This can be done by running with the ball there, kicking it through the goal posts, or catching a pass here, a move worth 3 points.

Each team has four tries, or chances, to advance the ball 10 yards. If they fail to do so, the other team has a chance to play. In the end, the team that scores the most points wins the game.

2. Positions and players

American football is played between two teams and each team has 11 players. Team players are divided to serve different positions. These messages include:

  • Strategist: Quarterback is perhaps the most popular position in this league. He is the one who leads the attack and is also responsible for passing or running the ball.
  • Running back: The running back is the player who runs with the ball behind the quarterbacks.
  • Wide Receivers: A wide receiver’s job is to catch passes from the quarterback.
  • Tight ends: The main responsibility of tight ends in the team is to block their opponent’s defenders. They also catch passes.

3. Stockings

As mentioned, each American football team gets four tries to move the ball 10 yards. If the team in possession fails to do so, it is considered a turnover. As a result, the other team has the chance to play on offense.

The first down is recorded when the offensive player takes possession of the ball for the first time. They have four opportunities to cover 10 yards. The second down is called when the first down has been made, which continues through the game.

4. Rating

In American football, there are different ways to score points. These include:

  • Landing: The best way to score in the NFL is to get a touchdown, a move worth 6 points. Players can score by carrying the ball into the end zone, catching a pass in the end zone, or recovering a fumble in the end zone.
  • Additional point: An additional point is scored after a touchdown. It is worth 1 point. The team that just scored the touchdown can throw the ball through the goal post for an extra point or try to score another touchdown from the 2-yard line, which would be worth 2 points.
  • Security: Safety is marked when the defending team tackles the offense in their own end zone. This type of score adds two extra points to the defense and a change of possession.

5. Faults and Penalties

Similar to other sports like football and basketball, American football has different fouls and penalties. These are:

  • Offensive fouls: An offensive foul is a foul committed by the offensive team during the game. They can include things like false starts, an ineligible man on the field, as well as being late in the game.
  • Defensive fouls: As the name suggests, defensive fouls are committed by the defensive team. They can include pass interference as well as hard blows to the setter.
  • Fouls by special teams: Special teams fouls are committed by either team during special teams plays such as field goal attempts and punts. They can include too many players on the field or delay the match.

6. The American Football Field

The playing surface in a Football the game is called the field. It is 100 meters long and 53.3 meters wide. You will see goal posts at both ends of the pitch and teams will score points by kicking the ball through them.

The field is divided into two main sections:

  • Offensive side: The attacking side is the side the team in possession is trying to score on.
  • Defensive side: The defensive camp is, as its name suggests, the camp where the defending team is positioned.

There are also end zones at each end of the pitch. These are 10 yards deep and the main object of the game is to score a touchdown by carrying the ball into this area.

There are also yard line markings on the pitch, used to measure distance and progress during the game.


American football is a sport played by millions of people around the world. It’s a fast and exciting game that has a huge following. If you are new to the sport, you will hopefully find this guide useful as a great introduction to the basics of American Football.

About Betty J. Snyder

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