The ball used in a Football game is called football. On a turf (or artificial turf) field, the sport is played. The land is 360 feet (110 meters) long and 160 feet (49 meters) wide. The end zones, one at each end of the field, are 10 yards (9.1 m) long.
Players are protected by a helmet with a face mask, shoulder pads, thigh guards and, in some cases, a mouth guard. While the other team is trying to stop the ball, one team has four chances, or “downs”, to advance it 10 yards (9.1 m). Carrying or throwing the ball allows some players to advance the ball.
Teams can score by moving the ball towards the opposing team’s end zone or by kicking the ball through a goal post behind the end zone. Time and rules govern American football, which are strictly enforced by referees who also determine whether a team scores.
A 60-minute college or professional football game is divided into 15-minute quarters. Terms last 12 minutes in some secondary schools, and games for younger children are often even shorter. The teams take a half-time break after the first two quarters.
If the game is tied after four quarters in NFL football, the two teams meet in at least one additional 15-minute period called overtime. The first team to score points in overtime is usually the winner. However, under the current rules, which were implemented for the 2011 playoffs, if the team with the ball scores a field goal, the other team has a chance to score. The game is over if that team does not score or scores a touchdown.
The game continues if he scores a basket and the next team to score wins. Only one overtime period is played during the regular season; if neither team scores, or if both teams score field goals when they first have the ball, the game is tied. During the playoffs, the game will be extended as many times as necessary to determine a winner. In overtime, if the game is still tied after each team has had the ball once, the team that scores first wins.
Teams take turns trying to score in NCAA football overtime, which is modeled after the high school football system used in most US states. When one team scores and the other team does not score as many points during their turn, the game is over.
The players and their equipment
An American football team consists of 45 players, despite the fact that each team has only 11 players on the field. Teams are divided into three groups: attacking (smaller, stronger and faster players, including a quarterback who is said to direct offensive plays and throw the ball to teammates), defense (taller and more powerful players designed to keep players from running), and special teams (bigger, more powerful players designed to keep players from running) (responsible for the kicking and kicking side of the game with a mix of bigger players and faster).
A typical American football field is 100 yards long and 60 yards wide. On the field, lines are drawn every ten meters to indicate the distance each team must cover before reaching the end zone. Each end zone is approximately 20 meters long and is added to each end of the field. At each end there are posts where the kicker kicks the ball.
The aim of the game
The goal of American football is to score more points within the time limit than your opponents. To do this, they must move the ball upfield in play before possibly scoring a touchdown in the ‘end zone’. This can be accomplished by passing the ball to a teammate or running with them.
Each team has four opportunities (downs) to advance the ball ten yards. When they cross the ten yard line, their downs are reset and they start the process over for another ten yards. The ball will be awarded to the defensive team after four downs and they have failed to gain the required 10 yards.
American football score
The ultimate goal in American football, like in almost every other sport, is to score more points than the opposing team. Here’s how the game works in terms of scoring:
A touchdown is scored (6 points)
When a team crosses the opponent’s goal line with the ball, catches or recovers the ball in the end zone, a touchdown is scored.
Field goal (3 points)
On fourth down, if the kicker is close enough to the end zone to kick the ball between the upright posts, a team will do so as normal.
Bonus points (1 or 2 points)
After a touchdown, an extra point is scored by hitting the ball through the uprights (similar to a conversion in rugby). Taking the ball into the end zone for the second time earns two points, but since it’s more difficult, most teams go for the single point.
Safety is paramount (2 points)
If a member of the offensive team is tackled with the ball in their own end zone, the defensive team can score two points.
We hope this guide has provided you with the tools you need to master the game. Football, like any other sport, has many more aspects and rules than those listed here, but if you understand the flow of the game and the score, you should be able to appreciate and understand it while filling in the blanks.
American football rules
The game is divided into four 15-minute quarters. There is a 2-minute break between the first and second quarters, as well as a 15-minute break between the second and third quarters (half-time).
Each side gets four tries to gain ten yards or more. To gain yards, they can either throw or run the ball. Downs and yardage are reset as soon as the team gains the required yards. A rollover will occur if the yardage is not earned after four tries.
On any given game, players can run hundreds of different games. Teams compose games and players frequently sprint all over (roads) in what is an efficiently organized pandemonium. Attacking team field plays are called by the head coach or quarterback, while defensive team plays are called by the defensive captain.
Each match begins with a coin toss to determine which team will receive the ball first and which side of the field they will start on.
The game begins with a kickoff, in which one team kicks the ball downfield for the other team to kick back as far as possible with the ball.
On the fourth down, the offense has the choice of trying to make up lost yards or kicking the ball. They have two alternatives if they choose to kick: a punt or a field goal. Their play is usually determined by their position on the court. A field goal attempt will be made if the ball is within 40 yards of the opposing goal posts. They will probably try their luck if they are further back.